E Q Power – Sub-Zero Energy
Anaerobic Digestion: Beyond Waste Management Video approx. 7 mins
An ongoing and problematic issue with food production is how to dispose of the process and production wastes (MOE Farms Wagyu operation alone will produce in excess of 25 tons per day). The power plant addresses this effectively and efficiently in turn creating recycled and renewable inputs back to operations; e.g. Digestate, Fuel, Fertilizer, Power, etc. Recycling and repurposing more than 97% of production wastes, including wastewater, and mitigates the risks to operations from an interruption in power, environmental contamination or degradation. EQ Power and Sub-Zero Energy combined power production from renewable natural gas (RNG) and Bio-Diesel fueled gen-sets will be approximately 15 Mw at build-out (15-18 months) scaling to 45 Mw over a period of 30 months.
Biogas provides a clean, controlled source of renewable energy from organic waste materials, replacing fossil fuels. During the conversion process, weed-seeds and pathogen levels are eliminated and plant nutrients made bio-available, substantially increasing nutrient density and odor control. A portion of the digestate and CO2 from E Q Power is repurposed to Sub-Zero Energy’s’ bio diesel production along with waste heat from Data Caster Labs providing a continuous on-site source of high grade fuel back to E Q Power’s gen-sets. Powering other low labor high energy profit centers i.e. Beyond Organics garden facilities, livestock housing, grid optional ultra-secure data warehousing, mining and analytics to data center customers.
E Q Power will produce five (5) by-products: Methane (CH4), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Electricity, Digestate and Waste Heat. The E Q Power plant design will be the only producer in North America to use, recycle and repurpose all five and the only one in the world to do so on-site. As both producer and consumer. The world's first 100% renewable fuel and power producer in a GHG mitigated, carbon negative, ecologically balanced closed-loop eco-system, from seed to salad.
The power plant will incorporate Methane (CH4) and Bio-Diesel to E Q Powers’ gen-sets. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is heated using the waste heat from Data Caster Labs (data center) and E Q Powers’ gen-sets and repurposed to bio-diesel reactors for year-round production of renewable bio-diesel to diesel fueled gen-sets. Anaerobic Digester is primarily for waste, pathogen, waste water and weed-seed management. CH4, CO2 and Digestate (a proprietary ‘Smart Soil’ amendment) production is repurposed for Sub-Zero Energy's Bio-Diesel reactors and Beyond Organics Garden facilities.
Qualifying for producer, consumer, distributor and developer of renewables credits, GHG mitigated energy off-sets and carbon sequestration credits. Revenue and Profit projections do not include these as they are dependent on government subsidies. Any business model requiring them is inherently flawed. However, these credits and subsidies will be passed on to partners and affiliates, so long as they remain available. At completion of build-out (15-18 months), sustainable power capacity will be 15 Mw at 65-70% of maximum capacity of continuous availability to Data Caster Labs’ data center customers with 99.999% uptime guarantee and grid-optional UPS-powered backup system.
Another extraordinary feature of the MOE Farms eco-system is incorporating Sub-Zero Energy’s Bio-diesel production facilities into the data center (DC) design. This allows for the waste heat from the DCs to be repurposed and used to produce renewable Bio-diesel to EQ Power’s plant producing electricity back to profit center operations. The digestate and CO2, waste products, from EQ Power are also repurposed back to Sub-Zero Energy’s Bio-diesel production facilities as feedstock for year-round production.
Waste to Feed, Fuel, Fertilizer and Power. GHG Capture and Recycle, Below Zero Emissions and Carbon Negative
As a bonus, E Q Power and Sub-Zero Energy will qualify for producer, distributor & consumer renewables and mitigation credits. However, unless you hang your returns on the ultra-risky politics of governmental policy, there is only one model grounded in reality...the feedstock provider, energy producer and customer base has to share a common domain. In this case they're one and the same. An additional benefit is the authentic eco-friendly messaging, translating into tangible/measurable contribution to goodwill, profits & psycho/social capital. A direct and measurable contribution to the bottom line and self-funding marketing collateral.
The foundation of this pyramid of benefits is strategic mitigation of risk to continuity of operations and impact on margin of interruption in the event of disaster, natural or otherwise. One prolonged outage/disruption and years of earnings can be wiped out, this represents a substantial risk-reduction to operations, durable marketing collateral, on-site waste recovery solution.
Farm-based biogas systems allow:
· Production of green and renewable energy.
· Reduction of odors, weed seeds and pathogens.
· Production of higher quality organic fertilizer and soil amendment.
· Reduction of bedding cost.
· Potential off-site RNG and diesel revenue.
· Reducing pollution and greenhouse gases.
· Biofuel production for transportation and equipment.
· Nutrient dense feed stock to bio-fuel plant.
Additional benefits Unique to the MOE Farms vertical integration structure:
· Grid Independent.
· Renewables and sequestration credits.
· Authentic and durable marketing collateral.
· Substantial reduction of environmental impact.
· Waste disposal problem turned into profit center.
· Greater control of critical inputs, costs and deliverables.
· Greater flexibility in addressing extreme weather events.
· Insurance against grid-dependent interruption of power to operations.
· Built-in commercial scale distillation, brewing and fermentation capacity.
· Eco-friendly production of supplemental feed, fuel, power, and livestock bedding.
· Carbon dioxide from power plant is repurposed to garden houses and bio-fuel plant to optimize biodiesel production.
Composition of Biogas
· Methane, CH4 50-75%
· Carbon dioxide, CO2 25-50%
· Nitrogen, N2 0-10 %
· Hydrogen, H2 0-1 %
· Hydrogen sulphide, H2S 0-3 %
· Oxygen, O2 0-2 %
(Composition depends upon the material fed and process nature)
What is biogas?
Biogas is a byproduct of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic bacteria.
Biogas is typically composed of 60% methane and 40% CO2. It is similar to natural gas which is composed of 99% methane.
Biogas is a clean and renewable energy that may be substituted to natural gas to cook, to produce vapor, hot water or to generate electricity.
At room pressure and temperature biogas is in gaseous form, not liquid like LPG (propane). Bottling biogas is a very expensive process.
How does it work?
Organic waste is put into a sealed tank called a digester (or bioreactor) where it is heated and agitated. In the absence of oxygen anaerobic bacteria consume the organic matter to multiply and produce biogas.
What type of waste produces biogas?
Any organic waste has the ability to produce biogas: human excreta, manure, animal slurry, fruit and vegetable waste, slaughterhouse waste, meat packing waste, dairy factory waste, brewery and distillery waste, etc.
Where is biogas produced?
Biogas is normally produced in nature by the anaerobic degradation of organic waste in soil, marshes, ocean, etc.
Biogas is also produced in landfills where organic food waste degrades in anaerobic conditions.
Biogas can be produced in anaerobic digesters. These are equipment (tanks) providing full control of the process and ensuring full biogas recovery.
Since methane is a potent greenhouse gas, isn’t it stupid to produce biogas?
Methane has a greenhouse gas (GHG) heating factor 21 times higher than CO2.
Combustion of biogas converts methane into CO2 and reduces the GHG impact by over 20 times.
By extracting methane out of waste and using it to produce heat and/or electricity we ensure that the waste will not degrade in an open environment therefore reducing direct methane atmospheric emissions. Moreover, the energy provided by the biogas is likely to displace fossil fuel which is the main contributor to GHG emissions.
Biogas energy is considered carbon neutral, since carbon emitted by its combustion comes from carbon fixed by plants (natural carbon cycle).
How much energy is in biogas?
Each cubic meter (m3) of biogas contains the equivalent of 6 kWh of calorific energy.
However, when we convert biogas to electricity, in a biogas powered electric generator, we get about 2 kWh of useable electricity, the rest turns into heat which can also be used for heating applications.
2 kWh is enough energy to power a 100 W light bulb for 20 hours or a 2000W hair dryer for 1 hour.
Waste heat from the data centers is repurposed to power plant, garden houses, bio-fuel plant and livestock housing.
Companies like Google, Microsoft and HP are looking for more rural areas to build their data centers (server farms). In order to power these centers, there has to be access to a reliable source of electricity. Locating centers near farms and ranches will solve two problems, the farmers need to dispose of the waste as renewable natural gas and the data centers desire for clean, renewable power.
Hewlett Packard (HP) engineers have released a research paper that details how farmers and server farms can work together to get rid of waste products they both create. For the farmers, it will allow them to repurpose their production waste and for the data centers, a way to use waste heat for something positive.
Basically, the livestock and crop waste will be placed in the anaerobic system that them into renewable natural gas that can be used to power the server farm. Heat is necessary for the anaerobic system to work so excess heat from the server farm would be used in the system to create a secure, reliable source of on-site energy. HP has provided the graphic illustrating how it will work.